EMBASSY OF THE
FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA
Backgraound Of Renaisence Dam
The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) is a cooperative arrangement between nine Nile countries to support better management of the Basin’s resources. A Subsidiary Action Programme (SAP) has been organized into two sub-programmes: the Nile Equatorial Lakes (NELSAP) and the Eastern Nile (ENSAP). The latter corresponds approximately to the tributaries originating in the Eastern Nile Highlands located mostly in Ethiopia, which is the source of 86% of the Nile flow at Aswan. Approximately 62% of this flow comes from the Blue Nile or Abay River.
ENSAP has adopted a two-track approach: the first is a multi-purpose track to develop an overall strategy, undertake appropriate baseline studies, and properly plan a multi-purpose, multi-country investment programme; the second is a fast track process to identify doable projects for immediate implementation which can show the way forward and which may open the door to financing for other multi-purpose projects.
The Integrated Development of the Eastern Nile (IDEN) project, the first investment project of ENSAP has seven integrated components related to improved water resources management and use, one of which is the proposed Integrated Watershed Management Project (as described in this report). The IWMP will form an integral part of a larger development plan known as the Tana Beles Integrated Water Resources Development Program, which is being taken up to improve development and management of land and water resources of the Tana and Beles sub-basins. The IWMP is intended to bring about improved land management and contribute to socio-economic development through improved rural livelihoods in the Tana sub-basin.