Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
short form: Ityop'iya
int'l long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
int'l short form: Ethiopia
former: Abyssinia, Italian East Africa.
ISO Country Code: et
Actual Time : Mon-Jan-12 20:02
Ethiopian Standard Time= UTC +3h
Ethiopia does not operate Daylight-Saving Time.
Country Calling Code: +251
Capital: Addis Ababa (pop. 3 million)
Dire Dawa (180,000), Harar (138,000), Dessie (105,000), Nazret (100,000), Bahir Dar (95,000), Awassa (90,000)
Federal parliamentary democracy.
New constitution adopted in 1995.
Location: Horn of Africa bordered by the Sudan on the west, Somalia and Djibouti on the east, Eritrea on the north and Kenya on the south.
Area: 1.1 million km² (440 000 sq. mi.) about twice the size of Kenya, France or Texas.
Terrain: Rugged mountains, flat-topped high plateaus, deep river canyons, rolling plains and dry low lands.
Climate: Temperate in the highlands; tropical in the lowlands; dry season from October through May; wet season from June to September.
Nationality: Noun and adjective: Ethiopian(s)
Population: 84 millions (2012)
Ethnic groups (est.): comprised of seventy-eight nations of which the Amhara and the Oromo constitute the majority, Oromo 35%, Amhara 30%, Tigre 6%-8%, Somali 6%
Religions: Ethiopian Orthodox Christian 45%-50%, Muslim 40%, Protestant 5%, Animic
Languages: Amharic (official), Afan Oromo, Tigrinya, Gurage, Somali, Arabic and about 80 other local languages. English (major foreign language taught in schools)
Ethiopian alphabet: Geèz
Natural resources: Small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower.
Agriculture - products: Cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, sugarcane, potatoes, qat; hides, cattle, sheep, goats.
Industries: Food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metals processing, cement.
Exports partners: Djibouti 13.4%, Germany11.4%, Saudi Arabia 6.9%, Japan 6.8%, Italy6.4%, USA 5.1% (2003)
Imports partners: Saudi Arabia 24.1%, USA17%, China 6.4%, Italy 4.1% (2003)
Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)