EMBASSY OF THE  

FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

DOHA-QATAR

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​ABOUT ETHIOPIA

Official Name: 
Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
short form: Ityop'iya

it's long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
it's short form: Ethiopia abbreviation: FDRE
former: Abyssinia, Italian East Africa. 
ISO Country Code: et 
Actual Time : Mon-Jan-12  20:02 
Ethiopian Standard Time= UTC +3h
Ethiopia does not operate Daylight-Saving Time. 
Country Calling Code: +251
Capital: Addis Ababa (pop. 3 million) 
Largest Cities: 
Dire Dawa (180,000), Harar (138,000), Dessie (105,000), Nazret (100,000), Bahir Dar (95,000), Awassa (90,000) 
Government:
Federal parliamentary democracy.
A new constitution adopted in 1995. 
Geography:
Location: the Horn of Africa bordered by the Sudan on the west, Somalia and Djibouti on the east, Eritrea on the north and Kenya on the south.
Area: 1.1 million km² (440 000 sq. mi.) about twice the size of Kenya, France or Texas.
Terrain: Rugged mountains, flat-topped high plateaus, deep river canyons, rolling plains and dry low lands. 
Climate: Temperate in the highlands; tropical in the lowlands; dry season from October through May; wet season from June to September. 
People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective: Ethiopian(s)
Population: 84 millions (2012)
Ethnic groups (est.): comprised of seventy-eight nations of which the Amhara and the Oromo constitute the majority, Oromo 35%, Amhara 30%, Tigre 6%-8%, Somali 6%
Religions: Ethiopian Orthodox Christian 45%-50%, Muslim 40%, Protestant 5%, Animic
Languages: Amharic (official), Afan Oromo, Tigrinya, Gurage, Somali, Arabic and about 80 other local languages. English (major foreign language taught in schools)
Ethiopian alphabet: Geèz 
Natural resources: Small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower.
Agriculture - products: Cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, sugarcane, potatoes, qat; hides, cattle, sheep, goats. 
Industries: Food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metals processing, cement. 
Exports partners: Djibouti 13.4%, Germany11.4%, Saudi Arabia 6.9%, Japan 6.8%, Italy6.4%, USA 5.1% (2003) 
Imports partners: Saudi Arabia 24.1%, USA17%, China 6.4%, Italy 4.1% (2003) 
Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)

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